The organization effectively gave up its weapons in October 2011. Since then, ETA, the Basque separatist organization, has finally chosen the road of politics instead of terrorism.
Recently, however, a much more concrete fact justifies the relief that the news has had in the Spanish and French media: On Sunday, ETA released the location of a depo with three tons of explosives and 120 sophisticated weapons in French territory.
This symbolic act by ETA is critical, and it could truly bring to an end the armed struggle that began back in 1959, in the middle of Francisco Franco’s dictatorship, when the Basque independence movement had a clear anti-fascist and leftist connotation.
The price paid was more than 800 dead and hundreds wounded in dozens of attacks out of a total estimated 3,600 terrorist actions. These are civil war figures. The bomb attacks and killings continued even during the return to democracy in the late 1970s. The legendary attack — for its technical and political objectives — on Admiral Carrero Blanco on Dec. 20, 1973, is increasingly becoming a dim memory. This terrorist attack beheaded Francoism of its designated heir and inspired the movie Operación Ogro, by Gillo Pontecorvo with lead actor Gian Maria Volontè.