The results of the Brexit referendum will have important consequences not only for the balance of European nations, but also among those in the U.K. And some of these are already visible.
In the last two years, for example, the demand for Irish passports by British citizens has increased exponentially. The Republic of Ireland grants citizenship to anyone born abroad from an Irish parent or, with some restrictions, even to those who have an Irish grandfather or grandmother. And so, in 2014 and 2015, among citizens born in the U.K. with an Irish grandparent or grandmother, the number of dual passport applications increased by 33 percent, while it grew by 11 percent among British citizens with a Irish parent. In Northern Ireland, where the right is automatic but must be requested, the increase was 14 percent in the same period. There are no official figures for 2016, but the trend seems to be confirmed; and although the request does not require a stated reason, surveys show that it is precisely the fear of Brexit.