We can draw only one incontestable conclusion about the vote in Catalonia: It was a proof of great trust in democracy. It is just as we saw in 2014-2015 in a Greece in the grip of the debt diktats coming from Germany and the E.U. This time, despite the red-hot atmosphere caused by the repressive actions of the government in Madrid, the response has been a large electoral turnout of more than 81 percent.
This was hard to imagine in the European context, suffering as it does from its pathologies. And furthermore, all this happened while the leadership of the Catalan independence movement was practically held up at gunpoint, some in prison, some in exile; while Catalonia was under economic blackmail, with companies ready to move away due to moves by the Spanish government; and in a dangerous state of political rule from afar, with the application of Article 155 of the Spanish Constitution, which erased more than just the results of the referendum that Catalonia organized on Oct. 1 and the proclamation of independence that followed.
The move by the Rajoy government also disbanded and subordinated the democratic bodies, Parliament and government, elected by the Catalan nation as per the Constitution, and forced new elections, a decision made from afar and presented by Madrid as the final and decisive showdown.