In 1988, the Indian writer Salman Rushdie was sentenced to death with a fatwa issued by the Ayatollah Khomeini for the content of his most famous book Satanic Verses. After some time, a reward was offered on his head, furthering the attacks that targeted the book’s translators as well: the Japanese Hitoshi Igarashi was killed, and the Italian Hector Capriolo was wounded.
After almost 30 years, verbal violence can be a censorship tool with the same power, thanks to the power of the internet: In 2017 in Libya, 25 authors and curators of Through the Glass Window Shines the Sun: An Anthology, have been victims of attacks and death threats on national media and social networks. The indicted book — published by the London-based Darf Publishers with the British Council and the Arete Foundation — is a collection of narrative excerpts dating back to the 2011 Revolution. Yet, already in 2012, when it was published, the volume had been subject to a prior review by its curators Khaled Mattawa and Laila Moghrabi before presenting it at the International Book Fair in Cairo.