Hunted, arrested and locked up in a German prison awaiting extradition, Carles Puigdemont, the former president of the Catalan Generalitat, is the last great victim of an undeclared war, fought with the weapons of judicial acts, imprisonment, indictments and European arrest warrants which were set up for the purpose of fighting terrorism.
The “Catalan October” was not a revolution, an armed insurrection, a secession or a coup. There hasn’t been any violence, nor any acts of aggressive hostility toward the Spanish authorities in Catalonia. The referendum and subsequent (ambiguous) declaration of independence were political acts, questionable if you will, but backed by broad popular support and with essentially symbolic effects.
The reaction from Madrid, however, has been violent for all intents and purposes, involving the administrative occupation of the Catalan region and the prosecution and imprisonment of the leading exponents of the independence-supporting alliance. It culminated with the hunting down of Catalan politicians who had escaped abroad. While we do not want to make comparisons between two very distant political realities, Madrid’s reaction is not that different from that of Erdogan after the failed coup of July 2016, with the judicial persecution of the alleged followers of Fethullah Gulen, considered the instigator of the coup (which, in that case, actually occurred, despite all the debatable aspects surrounding it).