In the distorted and problematic Italian public debate, the main goal of politicians is to keep problems and responsibilities away from the electorate’s view, and not only on the epoch-making migration phenomenon.
On the few occasions when the government has glanced to the places of origin of migrations (I think specifically about Africa), it recalls a rhetoric message of “help them at their home,” with no concrete or effective plan.
The old promises, also subscribed at the international level by Italy, to allocate at least 0.7 percent of GDP to public (direct, indirect and multilateral) development aid, remained a dead letter. In 2015 Italy, even though it lived a growth trend, destined only 0.22 percent of GDP to this, and a good slice of the almost €4 billion remained in our own borders and was invested to handle the migration phenomenon.
On the other hand, the governments of the last few years have been very active in making Africa a terminal for our business, especially for arms deals. In the first 25 years of the law 185/90, sub-Saharan Africa received €1.3 billion of arm permits, accounting for 2.4 percent of the total. Then, we should add the higher figures for the countries of the southern Mediterranean: Algeria alone has received licenses for €1,659 million in 25 years. Globally, Africa attracts 9 percent of the world’s annual arms imports with Algeria in the lead (46 percent of the continental inflow of weapons in the last five years and in the global Top 5 list or arm importers) followed by Morocco and Nigeria.