Surprisingly, the results from referendum promoters show that about 40 percent of Catalan citizens voted. This means that 60 percent stayed at home, did not accept Carles Puigdemont’s secessionist effort and did not buy into an election campaign that smelled of propaganda.
Moreover, among those who did vote, a few may have gone to the polls after witnessing Madrid’s violent response. Others may have voted no.
So the result is clear: Politicians who failed to convince even a majority of Catalans to vote should be preparing for political bankruptcy rather than independence.
Of course the repression did not encourage participation. Images of police forces at the polling stations of a European nation and violence against helpless people certainly do not favor Rajoy.