It is an agreement that puts the lives of those repatriated at risk, as they are returned to an insecure country. This is clearly shown by the recent attacks, including those that have not made it onto the international media’s radar, and the data from the “Escaping War: Where to Next?” report. In 2017, an average of 1,200 Afghans per day have been forced to leave their homes and become internally displaced persons.
The situation has become so dramatic that even the White House spoke about it this week, urging the parties, through a press release, to find a solution as soon as possible. At stake is the survival of the already fragile national unity government based in Kabul, but whose real authority over the country is limited.
Those contending against it are not only the anti-government movements, which, according to the most conservative estimates, control 40 percent of the territory, but some of the representatives of the very same government—such as Atta Mohammad Noor, who has been governor of the Balkh province, on the border with Uzbekistan, for many years, but who was recently removed by President Ghani.
However, the now ex-governor has no intention of leaving, or giving up the seat to his successor, who has already been named. The ensuing tug of war has been going on for weeks. In Noor’s view, if he goes down, the whole government must go down with him. The government, as we recall, is one that was designed by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry in the summer of 2014, when the two presidential contenders, Ghani and Abdullah Abdullah, were accusing each other of fraud. To prevent further conflict, Kerry forced them to join together for a coalition government—but one which ended up paralyzed by their antagonism, and unable—as we see now—to even do as much as install a new governor.