In 2014, Italy’s health spending was “significantly lower” than that of other EU countries, both in terms of per capita expenditure and in relation to GDP. This was certified yesterday, when the Istat provided data of the 2012-2016 period.
Italy spent about €2,404 euro per capita while the UK, France and Germany have allocated between €3,000 and 4,000 per inhabitant; Denmark, Sweden and Luxembourg spent around €5,000. In relation to GDP, the expenditure was close to 11 percent in France and Germany, just under 10 percent in the UK and about 9 percent in Italy and Spain.
In 2016, the current health expenditure amounted to €149.5 billion (€2,466 per capita), equal to 8.9 percent of GDP, 75 percent was covered by the public sector. The private health expenditure in 2016 amounted to €37.318 billion, equal to 2.2 percent of GDP, out of which 90.9 percent was paid by the families. Spending on care and rehabilitation amounted to €82.032 billion, accounting for 54.9 percent of total health expenditure and 4.9 percent of GDP. While pharmaceutical products and therapeutic devices for €31.106 billion are equal to 20.8 percent of the total.
The hospitals are the main providers of healthcare, accounting for 45.5 percent of the total current expenditure. In second place, outpatient clinics, which account for 22.4 percent. In third place, there are long-term care facilities, which accounts for 10.1 percent.