On the eve of the opening of the polling stations throughout Turkey for the constitutional referendum, the polls indicate a tight head to head between the two sides, just a few percentage points separate them.
This referendum is to vote on the constitution approved by Parliament last January. Not enough MPs voted in favor of this reform for direct approval, but there were enough to convene the polls and thus, pass the decision to the people. If passed, Turkey will assume a centralized presidential form, which has raised concerns about the holding of democratic institutions in the country.
With this reform, the president of the republic assumes the executive power and extends his hands to the legislative and judicial powers: He will be able to rule by decree, choose ministers and appoint the top officials of the state bureaucracy. He will also abandon the non-partisan role and will maintain membership and leadership of his party. Furthermore, he will elect both the majority of the constitutional court, which may be convened to judge him, as well as the members of the Supreme Judicial Council which distributes judges and prosecutors in the country. Last but not least, he will also be in command of the armed forces.