The longest and bloodiest armed conflict — over 7 million victims — in Latin America is about to end. It lasted more than 50 years between the movement of the guerrilla Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the government in Bogotá. The announcement was made here Wednesday after more than three years of mediation with Cuba and Norway for peace between FARC and the Colombian government.
The statement says that a deal was reached for “the bilateral and final agreement to put an end to the armed clashes and hostilities; abandonment of weapons; guarantees of security and the fight against criminal organizations [i.e. the Colombian paramilitaries] responsible for murders and massacres or that attempt against human rights defenders, social or political movements.”
The full substance of the agreement was to be clarified Thursday during the official announcement of the “last day of war” in Colombia that will be given in Havana by the chief negotiators, in the presence of the guerrilla leader “Timoshenko,” aka Rodrigo Londoño Echeverri; the President of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos; and the U.N. Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon, accompanied by the presidents of the Security Council and the General Assembly of the United Nations. In addition, the representatives of the two guarantors of the peace process will participate in the ceremony is — for Cuba President Raúl Castro, and Norway’s Foreign Minister, Borge Brende — as well as representatives of countries that “were accompanying” the peace process, for Chile President Michelle Bachelet and for Venezuela President Nicolás Maduro.